5 Common Construction Materials and Their Uses

The construction industry relies on a number of common materials and experts who know how best to use them. Contractors and architects alike are familiar with the fundamental materials seen in buildings everywhere. Knowing how these common materials contribute to the structure and appeal of a building is essential for understanding the basics of construction.


Steel is lightweight, flexible in its use, and extremely strong and stable. Steel is a great material for reinforcing a structure but can corrode easily if exposed or installed incorrectly. A steel company Tulsa OK can provide the plate steel needed for roofing or reinforcing a building.


Because concrete is a mixture that can be poured into just about any shape, it is popular for its versatility and ease of use. Once the mixture hardens, it becomes an effective material for the foundation of a structure.


Wood is highly flexible and durable while maintaining a relatively affordable cost to boot. The insulating nature of wood makes it particularly popular in many climates and it is of course very environmentally sustainable. Wood is a perfect material for constructing the overall frame of a business or residence, especially where thermal or acoustic insulation is needed.


There is hardly any material that is more durable or long-lasting than stone. On the flipside, stone is heavy and hard to work with. It can also be expensive to apply an appealing finish to stone countertops and other surfaces. Even so, stone is commonly used for constructing walls, floorings, and bridges.


By nature of masonry, brick is a very durable and fireproof material. Brick and mortar walls can easily support the weight of multiple stories and are also popular for achieving a certain aesthetic appearance. Masonry foundation is also an effective alternative to other foundational materials, such as concrete.

The various materials commonly seen in construction have a variety of uses. Some are effective for establishing a foundation or structural integrity, while others insulate an area or simply offer aesthetic appeal. Each has a role to play in the construction of a complete building